Subtypes of ASPD.

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I never knew that Antisocial Personality Disorder had different subtypes, but it does make sense that it would.     These are Millon’s ten subtypes of ASPD (antisocial personality disorder).   Theodore Millon was a psychologist who specialized in personality disorders and subdivided them into various subtypes.   (In a future article, I’ll write a post about his Borderline Personality Disorder divisions.)

This was a post I found on Psychforums (in the ASPD forum).  I don’t know who wrote it, so I can’t give credit to the original source, only a link to where I found it.

In the post I found, the the term “psychopath” is used, but I think these types more properly describe people with ASPD, most who are sociopaths (an acquired condition due to trauma that may also involve brain dysfunction), not psychopaths (a condition of the brain you are born with that has nothing or little to do with early trauma).   There are also pro-social psychopaths (though all psychopaths lack a conscience), and none of these types seem very pro-social to me.  So even though many psychopaths may fit these subtypes, I think it’s misleading so I took out the term “psychopath” in the subheads.

Unprincipled 

Activities kept near or at the boundaries of the law; stereotyped social roles; con man, charlatan, fast-talking used car salesman.Expansive fantasies and exaggerated sense of self-importance.Willing to take advantage of and humiliate those who leave themselves open to deceit.

May cultivate persuasiveness or charm as a means of getting others to lower their guard, but sees all prosocial behaviour as ultimately self-serving.

Contemptuous of “the system”; working “the system” to avoid punishment seen as just “part of the game“.

Covetous 

Sees self as wrongfully deprived of life’s necessities, leading to envy and resentment.

Compensates by taking what he or she is entitled to as a means of revenging wrong and restoring “karmic balance” in life.

Sees self as a victim of external forces, misunderstood by others and by society.

Manipulates others as a meaning of proving own superiority, as well as avenging attributions of worthlessness.

Smug and contemptuous toward victims, who may be viewed as pawns in the larger game.

Prone to ostentatious displays of conspicuous consumption.

Risk-Taking 

Chronic underarousal leads to risk-taking as means of “feeling alive”.

Fails to realize the consequences of risk-taking; believes that social rules are unnecessarily confining of own sense of adventure.

Eschews normal desire for safety as evidence of cowardice.

Proves own mettle as a means of proving self-esteem and worthiness to self and others.

Disingenuous 

Superficial sociability (or even seductiveness) hides an impulsive, moody and resentful core.

Emotionally labile, prone to excitement-seeking, stimulus-dependant behaviour, lacking in forethought, with a high potential for painful consequences.

Rationalizes and projects blame onto others when attempts to solicit attention go awry.

Spineless

Aggression not intrinsically rewarding; psychopathic acts intended to others that the psychopath is not weak.

Has first-strike mentality; strikes whenever own fearfulness peaks (perhaps in episodes of panic), regardless of objective degree of threat.

Experiences fantasies of vulnerability; sees others as sadistic or exploiting.  [my note–I’m not sure what “fantasies of vulnerability” would refer to]

Abrasive 

Prefers to be overtly contentious, confrontational, antagonistic rather than indirectly manipulative.

Expects hostility from others, and pre-empts insults with own abrasiveness.

Prefers to escalate arguments; experiences pleasure by frustrating others, making them back down.

Inherently oppositional to any form of emotional control; seeks to break constraints simply because they exist.

Tyrannical 

Realizes pleasure through total control of others.

Employs violence instrumentally, to force perceived opponents to cower or submit.

Projects image of power or brutality; supports self-image of power and superiority by inflicting pain and suffering, if not power.

Explosive 

Low frustration threshold, resulting in episodes of uncontrollable rage and violent attack.

Episodes may be instantaneous reaction to frustration or perceived insult, and thus may be perceived by others as random and unprovoked.

Malevolent

Hateful, destructive defiance of values of social life.

inherently distrustful, ruthless, cold-blooded, revengeful, punitive.

Malignant 

Often isolated, paranoid, with ruminative fantasies of power and revenge.

Sees others as inherently persecutory or treacherous.

Uses hostility as a means of armoring self, forcin adversaries to take issue and withdraw.

http://www.psychforums.com/antisocial-personality/topic95961.html

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About luckyotter

Recovering from BPD and C-PTSD due to narcissistic abuse from childhood. Married to a sociopath for 20 years. Proud INFJ, Enneagram type 4w5. Animal lover, music lover, cat mom, unapologetic geek, fan of the absurd, progressive Catholic, mom to 2, mental illness stigma activist, anti-Trumper. #RESISTANCE
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6 Responses to Subtypes of ASPD.

  1. nowve666 says:

    So, you’re hanging out in the ASPD section of Psych-Forum now. I like what you said about “pro-social psychopaths.” We’re not all that “pro-social” after all. I really don’t like that term since it describes a category into which I fit. Of the “subcategories,” I see myself in the first three, perhaps the first four. I make sure I get what I need and love risk taking.

    Liked by 1 person

    • luckyotter says:

      Nah, not really hanging out there. Someone in the Cluster B facebook group (or maybe it was the other group) posted a link to it because there was a discussion about whether ASPD had subtypes or not.
      I know you’re not all that pro-social but I don’t have a better term for a psychopath that isn’t “anti-social.”

      Like

  2. This is very interesting. Thank you. I think the publication of dangerous personality traits is very important in alerting people at large to be wary and recognize these symptoms in others. They do exist. Those who have never been exposed before tend to make excuses for abusive type people, in the sense that they at first attribute good motive, or think, that person couldn’t have meant to do that.

    I wanted to run something by you for your thoughts. Recently my elderly untreated mother left a message on my phone regarding her sister, my elderly aunt.

    My mother, who has jealous schizophrenia, mainly targeted me, but was always jealous of the affection between my aunt and me as well.

    My mother started off sounding “compassionate” as she usually does. “Did you hear your aunt was diagnosed with terminal cancer?” Now she must know I know, but she has had cognitive decline and memory loss.

    But then, this is where it gets tricky. Her voice changes, as if in threat. “But one very bad thing. She’s losing too much weight. Goodbye.”

    I can’t help thinking the last part was meant to scare me. My aunt has lost some weight, but it is not yet a symptom of rapid decline, and my mother hasn’t seen her in months. It is my mother that lost a scary amount of weight the last time I saw her.

    My mother always makes me feel crazy. Others would not catch it. They would assume she was sincerely afraid for my aunt because of sudden weight loss, or what she perceived as sudden weight loss.

    But for me I caught the tone, the “ha ha” edge to her voice. And I wonder if I am the only person alive who realizes she has the symptoms of a sociopath.

    Liked by 1 person

    • luckyotter says:

      That “ha ha” edge is very often (if not almost always) a red flag for a sociopathic personality. That’s weird about her voice changing. But if she’s schizophrenic, it makes sense. I never heard of a”jealous schizophrenic” — do you mean she’s a sociopathic schizophrenic or that she might have cormorbid ASPD?
      I agree it’s important to post things like this every so often to educate people about potential red flags. I actually know very little about ASPD, focusing most of my attention on NPD and BPD, but I’d never heard of these subtypes so maybe others haven’t heard of them either.

      Like

      • Actually, my mother’s case is extremely complex.

        When I was a teenager, my father told me she had a serious mental illness and that I was her victim. At that time, I did not want to believe him, even though I had memories of her breaking my nose (bashing my face with something) in the middle of the night, when I was only five or six. My mother confabulated I fell off my bike and broke my nose, or fell off the back porch. Something like that.

        I also remember as a young teen my father wanting her to take me with her to see her now pro life “post abortive” counselor friend. I thought this was just a friend involved in the pro life movement, and did not want to go into any “counselling” office.

        I remember one moment, just one moment, wondering. Did my mother have an abortion? She’s so religious. Nooooo.

        Later in life I was told by a mental health professional (friend of my father’s – my father was the administrator of a VA psychiatric hospital) who treated post abortive women, that my mother had schizophrenia, and was treated for it many many years.

        I could not put the two clues together, until recently.

        I contacted a psychiatrist who dealt with post abortive woman. She explained that schizophrenia is one of the main mental illnesses triggered by severe post abortive women. By severe I mean women who know they’ve done something wrong but were coerced, under extreme stress, then try to hide it, and suppress their grief over the lost child.

        Usually the first born is the “replacement child” (my brother.)

        But the suppressed pain sometimes surfaces in resentment of the live birth child that reminds you of your loss (the same sex?) as if it is the live birth’s fault the other child died.

        Was my mother raped, perhaps by a cleric? Did they tell me her dx under duty to warn, because she had assaulted me?

        Anyhow I did the research, what I could piece together in recent years.

        It seems the woman who treated my mother specialized in servere PAS resulting in child abuse of existing live birth children. But my own psychological studies show my mother has all the dsm of “jealous” schizophrenia as well. She definitely acts jealous of, and targets someone (me). She also is a genius sociopath in my opinion, the grand actress. If you heard her talk you would never believe she had an abortion, or had schizophrenia, both of which she adamantly denies.

        The sad part is of course I would have “forgiven” her, not that her “crimes” are for me to judge or forgive. But I do feel a loss for the child that was never acknowledged, and for myself, the child that was blamed.

        I do not know what she told me in the middle of the night, in her psychotic state, but I do know I was having nightmares when five or six that I had “killed” someone. To unravel the past is not just my wish, nor is it to “get revenge on” or blame my mother, but something I simply need to do, my birthright. Everyone has a right to acknowledge their own siblings.

        Liked by 1 person

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